These foreign varieties, mainly from the Mediterranean region, have been selected to help French winegrowers adapt to climate change. It is also about offering wine profiles adapted to the world market, i.e. with expressive aromas and powerful bodies. Finally, the choice of 4 Portuguese varieties out of 10 confirms the excellent qualities of the Lusitano grape varieties.
- Alvarinho B: a Portuguese white grape variety renowned for its high quality. It offers a rich and intense aromatic palette, a beautiful acidity that gives freshness and a low to moderate alcoholic degree depending on the terroir.
- Verdelho B: Portuguese white grape variety from Madeira Island or the Douro Valley. With a rich and intense aromatic palette, it also makes it possible to produce dry to sweet, elegant and perfumed wines, with good acidity and suitable for ageing.
- Touriga Nacional N: Portuguese black grape variety cultivated in particular in the Douro and used as a blend in the famous Port wines. Qualitative thanks to its power and complexity, it brings concentrated tannins and aromas of black fruit. Finally, it has a good tolerance to drought and is therefore suitable for global warming.
- Tinta Barroca N: black Portuguese grape variety from the Douro. It is appreciated in the blending of Port because it brings intense colors of a beautiful ruby red. It is characterized by aromas of cherry, spices and flowers.
- Arvine B: Swiss white grape variety from the Valais. A grape variety with a rich and intense aromatic palette. Moreover, like Chenin, Arvine is vinified from dry to sweet and sweet, an argument that could facilitate its adoption in many French vineyards.
- Parellada B: a white Spanish grape variety widely grown in Catalonia. Parellada is known for its liveliness, freshness and tolerance to drought, making it interesting for the southern area. Finally, it is also used in the production of sparkling wines, another argument.
- Nebbiolo N : black Italian grape variety widely cultivated in Piedmont, the origin of the famous Barolo. It is an interesting variety for its aromatic palette, its level of acidity, its patinated tannins and its late maturity.
- Nero d'Avola N (or Calabrese): black grape variety grown in southern Italy and especially in Sicily. Nero d'Avola produces colourful wines with good structure and high levels of alcohol and acidity. The aromatic palette is complex and similar to that of Syrah with notes of red, black and violet fruits.
- Pinotage N: black grape variety created in South Africa by crossing the Pinot Noir and Cinsaut grape varieties. Adapted to the slopes, it needs a lot of heat to reach maturity. Pinotage makes it possible to produce colourful, powerful and full-bodied wines, very fruity with a high degree of alcohol and to be drunk quickly.
- Saperavi N: Black grape variety originating from Georgia and widespread in the various republics of the Caucasus. It is not a dyer* grape variety but it is sometimes considered as semi-dyurer because its film is very rich in anthocyanins, it very quickly colours the juice. The wines are colourful, rich in tannins and generally have a high degree of alcohol and acidity. These characteristics give them a high structure and concentration, making them suitable for storage for more than 30 years. Saperavi can also be used to make sweet wines or natural sweet wines.
*A dyer grape variety has berries with colored pulp (i.e. red) which produces a "tinted" juice, unlike the most common French red grape varieties, such as Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon or Syrah which have a colourless pulp and whose "red" color of the juice comes solely from the coloring of the skin.