Many wine lovers claim that Burgundy wines are the greatest red wines in the world, while others insist that Bordeaux wines are the most important. If you argue that Burgundy wines are among the best wines in the world and that nothing compares in aroma and flavour to a red Grand Cru Burgundy, it is precisely because the climate allows it. The climate of the Burgundy wine region is indeed unique; at the confluence of continental, Mediterranean and oceanic influences, it brings a unique character to the region's wines...
The climate in Burgundy is mainly continental, with hot summers, a constant threat of hail and cold winters. However, due to the different orientation of the vineyards, hills, slopes and prevailing winds, there are also a large number of microclimates which are also essential for the expression of the terroir.
The Chablis, Grand Auxerrois and Châtillonnais wine-growing regions enjoy a mainly semi-continental climate, with hot, sunny summers and long, harsh winters. What differentiates them from other regions is their high exposure to spring frosts, a difficulty that the winegrowers fight against by spraying the vines with water to form a protective cocoon that shelters them from low temperatures.
The hills of the Côte de Nuits and Hautes Côtes de Nuits are recognizable by their ability to bathe in sunlight, whether during hot summers or dry autumns. The Côte de Beaune, Hautes Côtes de Beaune and Côte Chalonnaise also benefit from hot and often Indian summers, filling the grapes with sunshine. The Couchois, for its part, enjoys the same continental influences on a smaller production area. It is here, well above sea level, that we find the best reds of Burgundy.
The vineyards of the Mâconnais have the peculiarity of being more sparse and scattered with land devoted to other forms of agriculture. The climate of the Mâconnais shows signs of proximity to the Rhone Valley, notably thanks to warmer than average temperatures, lower rainfall and, above all, less risk of spring frosts that are harmful to the vines. You will notice that the houses here seem different because they are adapted to warmer and more abundant sunshine and less frequent rainfall.
This climatic combination of heat, coolness, drought and aridity is also accompanied by a unique geology, giving rise to inimitable wines. Indeed, Burgundy is fortunate to have many variations in its soils and sub-soils, making the wines different from vineyard to vineyard; with over 400 different types of clay and limestone soils and a Kimmeridgian soil bed, this is where all the remarkable know-how of the great wines of Burgundy is hidden!