Many wine lovers claim that Burgundy wines are the greatest red wines in the world, while others insist that Bordeaux wines be the most important. If you argue that Burgundy wines are among the best in the world and that nothing compares in aroma and flavour to a Grand Cru rouge de Bourgogne, it is precisely because the climate allows it. The climate of the Burgundy wine region is indeed unique; at the confluence of continental, Mediterranean and oceanic influences, it brings a unique character to the wines of the region...
The climate in Burgundy is mainly continental, with hot summers, a constant threat of hail and cold winters. But due to the different orientation of the vineyards, hills, slopes and prevailing winds, there are also a large number of microclimates that are also essential for the expression of the terroir.
The wine-growing regions of Chablis, Grand Auxerrois and Châtillonnais enjoy a mainly semi-continental climate, with hot and sunny summers and long, harsh winters. What differentiates them from other regions is their high exposure to spring frost, a difficulty that winegrowers struggle with by spraying the vines with water, so as to form a protective cocoon that protects them from low temperatures.
The hills of the Côte de Nuits and Hautes Côtes de Nuits can be recognised by their ability to bathe in sunlight, whether during hot summers or dry autumns. The Côte de Beaune, the Hautes Côtes de Beaune and the Côte Chalonnaise also benefit from hot and often Indian summers, filling the grapes with sunshine. As for the Couchois, it enjoys the same continental influences on a smaller production area. It is here, well above sea level, that the best reds of Burgundy can be found.
The vineyards of the Mâconnais have the particularity of being more sparse and scattered with land devoted to other forms of agriculture. The Mâconnais climate shows signs of being close to the Rhône Valley, thanks in particular to warmer than average temperatures, lower rainfall and, above all, less risk of spring frosts damaging the vines. You will find that the houses look different here; it is because they are adapted to a warmer and more abundant sun, as well as less frequent rainfall.
This climatic combination, combining heat, freshness, drought and aridity, is also accompanied by a unique geology, giving rise to inimitable wines. Indeed, Burgundy is fortunate to have many variations in its soils and subsoils, making the wines different from vineyard to vineyard; with more than 400 different types of clay and limestone soils as well as a Kimmeridgian soil bed, it is here that all the remarkable know-how of the great Burgundy wines is hidden!