The Alsatian vineyard stretches from Strasbourg to Mulhouse and is one of the largest producers of white wines in France. It covers more than 15,000 hectares.
The history of wine in Alsace is not a recent history. Vines have been cultivated in Alsace since the period of the Roman Empire. Viticulture continued and also progressed under the Merovingian and Carolingian reigns who were great wine lovers. The story continues in the Middle Ages, a period during which Alsace wines were the most expensive and above all the most famous in Europe. Nowadays the wines are still as famous as ever. It is also in Alsace, more precisely in Strasbourg, that the oldest wine in the world is hidden. It is a white wine dating from 1472 which is preciously kept in the city. This cuvée is kept in a barrel in the cellar of the hospices in Strasbourg and is practically part of Alsace's heritage. It is therefore not by chance that we find very good and great wines in Alsace, with a wide range of aromas and flavours of exotic fruits, apricots and citrus fruits.
The particularity of the Alsatian vineyard is its cold and dry climate as well as its unique terroir which allows for example to harvest the grapes later than in other vineyards. This method brings freshness and vibrancy to the wine.
Since 1984, Alsatian wines have been classified as AOC. You can discover 4 types of appellations: Alsace Grand Cru, Crémant d'Alsace, AOC Alsace and finally the Late Harvest and Sélection de Grains Nobles.
Alsace Grand Cru Only 4 grape varieties are authorized for the Grands Crus of Alsace. Riesling, Muscat, Pinot Gris and Gewurztraminer.
Cremant d'Alsace These are sparkling wines made from different grape varieties, Pinot noir, Pinot blanc, Pinot gris, or Riesling. They are elaborated according to a traditional method as in Champagne.
A.O.C Alsace: when the wines of this appellation are made from a single grape variety, we can find the name of the grape variety on the label of the bottle. The label may also mention a place name after the name of the grape variety.
Vendanges Tardives and Sélection de Grains Nobles: this appellation is a special mention for the A.O.C Alsace or Alsace Grand Cru wines that meet strict conditions. Harvesting must be carried out manually, the sugar content must be minimal, and the wines must only be made from Muscat d'Alsace, Pinot Gris, Riesling and Gewurztraminer grape varieties.
There are a total of 10 Alsatian grape varieties, one of which is red. There are 7 main grape varieties for white wines: Riesling, Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Gewurztraminer, Muscat d'Alsace, Sylvaner and Pinot Noir.
The Riesling This is the king grape variety of Alsace. This grape variety covers more than 21% of the Alsatian vineyard. It produces lively, elegant and fine white wines with floral nuances. It is considered one of the best white grape varieties in the world.
The Pinot Gris This grape variety is round, robust and has a good length in the mouth. We find in this grape variety woody and sometimes smoky and floral aromas.
Pinot Blanc freshness and suppleness are two words that define this grape variety. This grape variety makes it possible to produce balanced, tender and delicate wines.
The Gewurztraminer Gewurztraminer : also very famous in Alsace, Gewurztraminer is a powerful and full-bodied grape variety. There are aromas of fruit and spices.
Muscat d'Alsace Muscat d'lsace : much drier than the southern sweet muscats, Muscat d'lsace stands out from the others. It develops floral notes and perfectly expresses the flavour of the grape. It's almost like biting into a grape.
The Sylvaner : dry and fruity, this grape variety makes it possible to elaborate wines with a beautiful liveliness.
Pinot Noir It is the only grape variety in Alsace that can be used to produce red wines. It develops fruity aromas reminiscent of cherry.
We advise you to drink with your aperitif a Muscat d'Alsace or a Crémant to tickle your palate with bubbles. If the dish is meat-based, we recommend that you accompany your meat with a Pinot Noir or Gris. If you have chosen to offer fish, a Riesling or a Sylvaner d'Alsace will be more suitable. To finish your meal in beauty, Late Harvest wines or Gewurztraminer will go perfectly with your desserts.