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Grappes & Le Parisien
Everything you always wanted to know about wine but never dared to ask

A little regional history

Burgundy wine has a very prestigious reputation. Wine production in Burgundy dates back to the time of the Roman invasion. However, its reputation dates back to the 14th century. It is indeed when the Dukes of Burgundy become owners of many vineyards to prove their power and wealth. The wine is then a symbol of taste and refinement. During the Revolution, the vineyards that belonged to the Church were taken over by the Republic. Sold, fragmented and fragmented they are as we know them today.

If Burgundy wines are so appreciated it is partly thanks to their diversity. This diversity is made possible by the different climates of Burgundy, which are even included in UNESCO's World Heritage List. They are witnesses to the diversity of the terroirs that the region offers us.

You can also discover castles in Burgundy that are part of the UNESCO World Heritage List. Indeed, this region offers a rich and ancient heritage of cellars and religious buildings.

84 appellations spread over 4 levels

In Burgundy there are 84 registered designations of origin. These reflect the diversity of the Burgundy terroir and the know-how of the winegrowers. So you will always find a Burgundy wine among these 84 appellations to accompany you, whatever your desires!

Regional appellations:

They refer to wines from the main regions of the vineyard. We can for example mention the AOC Bourgogne, the AOC Coteaux bourguignons, the AOC Bourgogne Aligoté, the AOC Bourgogne Passe-Tout-Grains, the AOC Bourgogne Mousseux, and finally the AOC Crémant de Bourgogne.

The latter represent 50.6% of the total production with a majority of white wines but also with crémants from Burgundy.

Communal appellations:

These appellations bear the names of the villages from which the wines are made. For example, there are AOCs such as Nuits-Saint-Georges, Gevrey-Chambertin, Petit Chablis or Pouilly-Fuissé.

They represent 37.9% of the total production with a majority of white wines but also reds and some rosé wines.

The Premiers Crus appellations:

The AOC premier cru are parcels delimited within the communal appellations thanks to their climate. These plots benefit from particular geological and climatic conditions and are easily identifiable. In fact, their name corresponds to the village on which they are produced, adjoining the name of a climate.

The Premiers Crus appellations represent 10.1% of the total production with white and red wines.

The Grands Crus appellations:

Elite Burgundy wines, they are produced only on the most famous plots and the mention grand cru must appear on the bottle. There are many Grands Crus such as the AOC Corton-Charlemagne, AOC Clos de la Roche, AOC Echezeaux, and AOC Chevalier-Montrachet...

These parcels represent 1.4% of the total production with just over half of the Grands Crus in red wines.

The main grape varieties

The most important grape varieties in the region are Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Gamay and Aligoté. They have a great reputation.

Chardonnay: is the king of white wines. The terroirs of Chablis Montrachet or Meursault blend perfectly with it and thus make it possible to produce the greatest white wines in the world.

Pinot Noir: is one of the best varieties of wine production so it seems to be the king of red wines. This grape variety is unique and very interesting because it offers aromas that vary according to the soil on which it is grown.

Gamay: is particularly present in southern Burgundy in the Mâconnais vineyard. It is a very expressive grape variety that produces fruity, gourmet and fresh red wines.

Aligoté: is a semi-white grape variety that produces fresh, clear, light and acidic wines.

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