So we're going to start at the beginning with a small topo on biodynamics. It's easy!
We owe this approach to agriculture to the Austrian philosopher Rudolf Steiner, who in the 1920s posed several essential questions to the agricultural world: what are the effects of fertilizers and pesticides on the soil? How do cosmic influences affect agriculture? What is the cause of the decline in food quality? etc etc... In short, Rudolf asks himself a lot of questions and proposes ideas to the farmers to give their land back its vitality and fertility.
To work the land in this way, farmers are therefore encouraged to throw away their bottles of chemical weed killers and other smart fertilizers. To take care of the vines in biodynamic farming, it will be cow horns, dung, plants, and lunar calendar... A whole program!
Among the most well-known and used preparations is "500" Horn Dung. This preparation is obtained by fermenting in the soil good quality cow dung introduced in horns and buried in the ground in winter. Once out of the ground, this dung, dynamised with water will be sprayed on the soil, here the vines.
This protects the plots from disease and avoids the use of chemical fertilizers. Treatments must be carried out according to the lunar calendar for maximum efficiency.
As they go to a lot of trouble, the winegrowers who work in biodynamics can, by respecting the "specifications", put the Demeter label on their bottles. These products have a double certification: Bio and Demeter. Just like the "AB" Label, Demeter, present in 53 countries, assures consumers that the product, whether it comes from France, Switzerland, Egypt or Peru, offers the same guarantees of control and certification. However, some winegrowers work in biodynamic agriculture without the label because they did not want to subscribe to the specifications, but do not hesitate to ask them the question!
These biodynamic wines are thus above all the reflection and the result of a viticulture respectful of the vines, the soils and the people. In the vineyard as well as in the cellar, this approach aims above all to produce healthy wines without chemical intervention.
Is there a different taste? Not at all! And all types of Domaines use it, not only the small producers in the countryside, don't be mistaken! For example, what is considered the best wine of Burgundy and one of the best wines in the "world", Romanée-Conti is biodynamic (but don't say too much because it scares the most Cartesian).
Wines made with biodynamics are like when you go to the organic market gardener to buy your vegetables, you're sure you won't be poisoned and it's good!
Marie lecrosnier-Wittkowsky for Les Grappes